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Саки

Saki (city)

Saki (UA Saki, Crimean-tat. .  Saq, Sak) - a city in Crimea. It is the center of Saki region of Crimea, but the district is not included, forming Borough Saki (Saki City Council). Mud-bath resort. At the beginning of the XXI century, the city is actively developed as the "capital of wheelchair users" of Russia and CIS countries: it is 80% equipped with ramps and adapted for the reception and accommodation of people with reduced mobility , who make up nearly a quarter of its population. To a large extent, this is a convenient combination of warm climate and a flat coastal plain.

 

geography

Located on the West Coast of Crimea in the 4-5 km from the Black Sea, 22 km from Yalta, in 45 km from Simferopol. The geography of the city is quite distinctive: it takes portions of the coastal plain north of the Saki Lake. Directly adjacent to the city settlements Nut, Lesnovka, Vladimirovka, coastal, Novofedorovka, Mikhailovka, Chebotarka. In the urban area are also lakes Mikhailovskoye, Tobe-Chokrak and pond bucket. Rivers in the city do not. The coastline of sandy beaches in the city (Calamita zalivChornogo Sea) is about 4.6 km .

 

Climate

Widely known as the oldest spa resort. Climatic and natural conditions Saki close to Yevpatoriya. The climate is seaside-steppe, very dry, moderately soft, with mild winters. Part of a strong steppe winds. The average annual air temperature 12,2 ° C + , which is only slightly cooler than at the SCC. The average temperature in the summer months + 22 ° C, winter - about + 2 ° C. The duration of sunshine throughout the year - 2500 hours (Yalta - 2223).

 

story

In the time of the Crimean Khanate Saki is a small village, the entrance into the domain of noble Crimean Mansour kind. Origin of the name probably from the name of the tribes of the Saks, who lived in these places in ancient times.

In 1827 in Saki it was founded Russia's first mud baths, and ten years later there was opened branch of the Simferopol Military Hospital.

During the Crimean War near Sac, between lakes and Saki Kyzyl-Yar, he landed a huge army of the coalition forces, the same one that kept many months in the siege of Sevastopol. At the beginning of February 1855 there were concentrated the troops of General SA Khruleva to storm enemy fortifications in Yevpatoriya. It was destroyed during the bombardment of the enemy village of Salem.

After the Crimean War during the second wave of emigration of the Crimean Tatars in 1860-1864 years, according to "The memorial book of Taurian province for 1867", Saki has left the majority of the Crimean population and re-populated by the Tatars, Greeks and Russian immigrants . Built up the ruined and abandoned village population slowly. In 1858 immigrants settled here from Poltava province, and later came the Greeks, coming from Constantinople. The city received its coat of arms, which depicts a brontosaurus.

But the real Salem began in the Soviet era, when there is a rapid increase in population. In 1952 it was granted city status .

 

the spa industry

Saki known for its seaside vysokomineralizirovannyh silt mud and brine. In Saki nine health centers, including specialized sanatorium etc. To treat spinal patients to them. Nicholas Burdenko , resort clinic, mud baths and baths with a special pump room for release of mineral water.

Sanatorium potential formed by favorable climatic characteristics, rich in medical resources, seaside-steppe climate with over 2500 hours of sunshine days a year, thermal mineral springs, salt lake with silt mud, Park Arboretum, in whose territory the sanatorium, and the proximity of the sea. Bottom undrained Saki lake is covered by a thick layer of mineral mud sludge with high therapeutic properties. For the treatment of patients using therapeutic mud, brine and mineral water (balneogryazeprotsedury - the basis of spa treatment here). Medical beach resort is located 4-5 km from the resorts (8-10 minutes by bus to the resort).

The city high accessibility for wheelchair users . Much of the population is engaged in service of wheelchair users.

Aid for the treatment are mineral springs. The most widespread is slightly alkaline water "Crimean mineral." Other sources used for baths and are of limited use so far. The spas of the city and in the resort clinic treat patients with gynecological diseases, lesions of the musculoskeletal system of non-tubercular origin, nervous system and others.

 

sights

Landmark is the Saki resort park, numbering up to eighty species of trees and shrubs. Monuments Lesia Ukrainka, Nikolai Gogol and Makarov reminded that they were treated in Saki. At the 5-kilometer from Evpatoria is monument sailors-paratroopers, heroes Evpatorian amphibious assault. At the beginning of Morskaya Street is located Greco-Scythian settlement of Kara-Tobe.